Army. One of the most major difference was military. In pitched battle, the army formed a single phalanx of 10,000 men, a kilometre wide, eight ranks deep, protected by a wall of overlapping shields with a hedge of spear-blades projecting above. At age 30, they became full citizens of Sparta, provided they had served honorably. Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge. I. Assemblies or groups of elite citizens sanctioned war, and generals (strategoi) came to be accountable for their actions and were often elected for fixed ter… The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. Account Requirement III. The emphasis of Athenian education was to prepare well-rounded citizens capable of performing whatever task was asked of them. Labels Chapter I Hoplitai Manual ___ Section I Recruiting. I. This chapter is a fairly comprehensive account of the military forces of the Athenian democracy, and will likely be the most useful section of the book as a scholarly resource. Group Links III. b. Spartan children were given education and participated in traditional roles, whereas Athenian children were taught physical fitness and discipline. Throughout their adolescent and teenage years, Spartan boys were required to become proficient in all manner of military activities. This is where it all begins, look to it for guidance. III.5.15, 12.5; cf. Spartan boys would start their education later , The focus for them was military training. The Athenian army was lead by ten generals who were commonly known as the strategos, who were each year chosen by the people's council. Initially, Athenian and Spartan military cultures were at odds: a maritime versus a land power with strategies of exhaustion versus that of annihilation. Sadly, due to their focus on arts and literature over combat, the Athenian army was not the biggest or the strongest. V.67.2), Xenophon explicitly states that Athenian troops received no official training (see Xen. Ancient Athens was determined to produce thinkers (philosophers) and In Athens, the military was just one part of society. Pericles' mother, Agariste, a scion of the powerful and controversial noble family of the Alcmaeonidae, and her familial connections played a crucial role in starting Xanthippus' political career. The schools were private, but the tuition was low enough so that even the poorest citizens could afford to send their children for at least a few years. Getting caught would result in harsh punishment, including flogging, which was usually a practice reserved only for slaves. In the manner of neighboring city-states the backbone of the Athenian military on land was the hoplite. Culture during the rise of Athens . Completion of Recruitment/Training Chapter II Officer Manual--- Section I Morals. There were three people that participated in it,” Couch noted. Add your answer and earn points. At the age of 30, they were allowed to live with their families but continued to train until the age of 60 when they retired from military service. First the negative evidence - or what is often thought to be that. Athenian Education & Military Training The primary purpose of Athenian education was to produce thinkers, people well-trained in arts and sciences, people prepared for peace or war. NEED HELP ASAP DUE 11:30PM ! Evolving from armed bands led by a warrior leader, city militia of part-time soldiers, providing their own equipment and perhaps including all the citizens of the city-state or polis, began to move warfare away from the control of private individuals and into the realm of the state. 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