As a livestock feed, the grain is used both in pure form and in mixtures, though the demand for oats has been somewhat reduced by competition from hybrid corn (maize) and alfalfa. Once removed all the fibre and goodness remainsunlike heavily processed flours where the bran and the germ are removed. But don’t dole out the sash to oat milk just yet. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Oats are best known as the Winter favourite, porridge. sample boxes of Quaker Oats are delivered to every mailbox in Portland, OR. Hummus, of course, is a shining example of exactly that. If you cut groats into two or three pieces with a sharp metal blade, you get steel cut … Wholegrain oats have more fibre. Oatmeal has come a long way as far as reputation is concerned. If you trace oats back to the source, you’ll have to go all the way up to Canada, where much of Quaker’s oats are usually grown. Harvesting. Oats are typically eaten by humans as oatmeal or rolled oats, while wheat is a raw product that is used to make flours for baking cakes and pastries. Oats are often served as a porridge made from crushed or rolled oats, oatmeal, and are also baked into cookies together with wheat flour. In Crops 1: Where Does Food Come From?, students learn that most of the food they buy in stores originally comes from farms. To be very active and energetic. Because oats are a hardy crop, able to survive extreme cold, oats were eaten by tribes throughout northern Europe. Russia is the largest producer of oats at more than 5 million metric tons. A video recently produced by the Cheerios team – “From Oats to O’s: The Making of Cheerios” – explains the steps involved. Oats are the heroes of Cheerios, and they’ve had some amazing adventures on their way from the field to your bowl. The long leaves have rounded sheaths at the base and a membranous ligule (small appendage where the leaf joins the stem). Despite their widespread praise by nutritionists and bodybuilders alike, oats have a humble origin. Ground oats are also called "white oats". Although oats are used chiefly as livestock feed, some are processed for human consumption, especially as breakfast foods. This article was most recently revised and updated by, Healthline - 9 Health Benefits of Eating Oats and Oatmeal, oats - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), oats - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Wider row spacing can result in increased wild Oats and, in dry conditions, may cause harvest issues if there is not enough stubble to hold the swath off the ground. Subscribe to our free daily email and get a new idiom video every day! Rolled oats comes from the oat plant. Oatmeal and other oat products were the subject of a 1997 ruling by the Food and Drug Administration that consuming oat bran or whole rolled oats can lower the risk of heart disease when combined with a low-fat diet via the effect of oat beta-glucan to reduce levels of blood cholesterol. Senior Planet Centers. 2. Cheerios is a simple product, made with care by many dedicated people who take pride in what they do. Oat flour is not generally considered suitable for bread but is used to make cookies and puddings. Senior Planet Programs. Learn more. Traditionally, they are made from oat groats that have been dehusked and steamed, before being rolled into flat flakes under heavy rollers and then stabilized by being lightly toasted.. Thick-rolled oats are large whole flakes, and thin-rolled oats are smaller, fragmented flakes. Get a Britannica Premium subscription and gain access to exclusive content. Growing it at the right time of the year is essential for a healthy oat crop. Where does oat milk come from? Oats do not come from wheat, and they are not the same thing. Oats, (Avena sativa), domesticated cereal grass (family Poaceae) grown primarily for its edible starchy grains. Oats love cool summer temperatures and plentiful rain to ripen slowly and plump up, so it’s no surprise that the Scottish climate is perfect! The fly lays eggs, which turn into maggots. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Time-lapse video, filmed over a three-week period, of oat (. Find out more about the farmers that grow oats for Cheerios. We think its testament to how truly tasty a good helping of oats can be– we stay true to our roots but we love experimenting with different additional ingredients - from cheese to chia - to move with the times and keep oats and oatcakes an enjoyable healthy snack today. Oatmeal is a type of coarse flour made of hulled oat grains that have either been milled or steel-cut. It is environmentally sustainable and uses less water than, say, almond milk, to produce. Wild oats, "crop that one will regret sowing," is first attested 1560s, in reference to the folly of sowing these instead of good grain. Oats are annual grasses belonging to the genus Avena, in the family Poaceae and are grown primarily for use as livestock feed.Several species of oats are grown commercially in different regions of the world, including Avena sativa (common oat), Avena byzantina (Algerian or red oat), Avena nuda (naked oat) and Avena sterilis (the sterile or animated oat). In mild winter climates, oats should be mowed and tilled before seedheads appear in late spring. If demand for oat based food products increased, where will oats come from in the short run? This is a horse racing term used to decribe the energy received from a bucket of oats given to a race horse before the race on that day. Senior Planet Membership. They get cut into pinhead-sized pieces that help give cooked steel-cut oats a courser texture than rolled oats. Nutrition information per 100 ml: Oat straw is used as animal bedding and sometimes as animal feed. Let Alex and Rob take you on a journey to watch the transformation of wheat seeds into flour. Farmers have been growing oats in the Scottish Borders for centuries, and it’s here that Nairn’s source the majority of our oats from farms with generations of expertise that shows in the quality of the crop they produce. Other large producers of this grain include: Canada, the United States, Poland, Finland, Australia and Germany. Where do Cheerios come from? Archaeologists have found evidence that the Ancient Greeks and Romans enjoyed tucking into a bowl of porridge. Did you know that traces of oat porridge have been found amongst the remains of our ancestors from over 5000 years ago? We care about your data, please view our data protection policy here. Wild oats are weeds found in cornfields which resemble cultivated oats: spending time sowing them would be a foolish or useless activity. Modern oats probably originated from the Asian wild red oat which grew as a weed in other grain crops (3, 6, 12). The long-time oatmeal standard from Quaker Oats is not only used for breakfast, but can be used in many different types of recipes including cookies and breads. Oats. After years of in-fighting, Quaker Oats was finally formed in 1901. The plants are relatively free from diseases and pests, though they are susceptible to rust and anthracnose on their stems and leaves. Cookies go nicely with oat drinks. They are a commonly grown crop in the world today. Crops sown in spring and harvested in August are called ‘spring oats’. A tablespoon of rolled oats. Where do Cheerios come from? Because of them, we bring you the very best oats. Publications. Wheat can also be used in construction, harnessing fuels, and for making beer or other similar alcoholic beverages. Answer: Oatmeal (Avena sativa) comes from oat grains, a cereal grass. Soy milk can be too sweet and is a common allergen, and almond milk is both water-intensive and doesn’t froth well. The dog must be feeling his oats, considering how he's running around the yard today. Oats (Avena Sativa) grow in fields like wheat and barley year round. Our oats facility in Cedar Rapid, Iowa is the largest milling facility in the world processing over 2 million pounds of oats daily. It can be eaten by animals and humans alike. Oats are annual plants and often reach 1.5 metres (5 feet) in height. It’s an easy go-to option for morning toast, or a quick sandwich... Oats, Apple & Cinnamon Chunky Biscuit Breaks, Oats, Blueberry & Raspberry Chunky Biscuit Breaks, How to make Hummus (and what to dip in it), Healthy bread alternatives for breakfast and lunch. Feeling your oats is an energetic phrase, but gets confused with breeding, sex, etc. Oats only uses the highest quality oats for our oat milk. In industry oat hulls are a source of furfural, a chemical used in various types of solvents. To get your oats definition: to have sexual intercourse regularly | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples “Mommy, where do babies come from?” This is a question that can strike fear even in the most progressive parent. Steel cut oats and rolled oats come from the same plant..... they're just processed differently. The husk is really just the groat or oat’s coat or jacket. Oats have dozens of use options; most often they are crushed into oatmeal for cooking, but just like wheat, oats can be ground into oat flour. Oatmeal is most commonly consumed by humans as a cooked cereal. Sow your wild oats. Oats are a whole-grain food, known scientifically as Avena sativa.. Oat groats, the most intact and whole form of oats, take a long time to cook. Oat Co. Scotland is built on generations of farming, shared family histories and a deep-rooted connection to the land. Traditionally, they are made from oat groats that have been dehusked and steamed, before being rolled into flat flakes under heavy rollers and then stabilized by being lightly toasted. Oats are widely cultivated in the temperate regions of the world and are second only to rye in their ability to survive in poor soils. It's more about horses! Oats come from the Avena sativa plant, which is a type of cereal grain that can be considered a distant relative within the grass family. Or what our miller’s do to turn the raw crop from the farmer’s field into a wholesome ingredient we can use in our range of recipes. 2. Our mill has an industry-leading, proprietary process for producing gluten-free oats. The carbohydrate-rich cereals compare favourably with the protein-rich foods in energy value; in addition, the cost of production (per calorie) of cereals is less than that of almost all other foods and they can be stored dry for many years. They were the last of the major cereal grains to be domesticated, around 3,000 years ago in Europe, and apparently originated as weeds that grew within cultivated fields of various other crops. Nut free, allergen-free, soy free, non-GMO Project Verified, gluten-free, kosher, vegan, carrageenan free, and BPA-Free If you’re still curious, why not check out our infographic on Scottish Oats from Field to Plate. The flowering and fruiting structure, or inflorescence, of the plant is made up of numerous branches bearing florets that produce the caryopsis, or one-seeded fruit. Where do the ingredients come from? Steel cut oats are oats that are cut up. The oat seed is processed into groats and hulls (which can be used to make oat fibre). Where Do Oats Come From? Updates? Peas, sometimes known as green peas to distinguish from other foods called peas, are the small green (yellow and purple are also available) seeds that are considered to be a vegetable for cooking purposes. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Oat base (water, oats 10%), rapeseed oil, emulsifier (E472e), stabilizer (E415), iodised salt. From Seed to Spoon. One of the biggest current concerns with consuming wheat is the presence of gluten. It is less clear when the meaning changed to its current one. © Copyright 2017 Nairn's Oatcakes Limited. It's the breakfast food of the health-conscious today, and that's in large part due to some official FDA claims Quaker Oats made possible for everyone. Where do oats come from? Our trusted relationship with John Hogarth’s began in 1978– their mill in Kelso is situated on the picturesque banks of the River Tweedand they’ve been milling for over a hundred years. A part of the plant called a groat is steamed and rolled under heavy rollers to make the oats flat. Our Direct Growers program is a network of over 400 oat formers committed to growing the best possible Quaker-specified oats. "Maggot" is another word for larva. All rights reserved. That is, cut by steel blades into one of three grades- coarse, regular or fine. Raw oats … Prior to 1997, foods weren't allowed to advertise claims about specific benefits. Oats are an ideal late summer cover crop where winters are cold enough to kill it; the dead residue forms its own winter mulch, which is usually well rotted by spring. Recent Reports. Steel Cut Oats. An ancient cereal grain, oats come in many forms—from rolled oats to instant oatmeal to whole oat groats—but all start as seeds of the oat plant. In preparation for flaking, the outer shell is removed from the oat kernel and then steamed and rolled flat. 0. After a pupal stage, maggots turn into flies. This process stabilizes the healthy oils in the oats, so they stay fresh longer, and helps the oats cook faster, by creating a greater surface area. Oats are seeded with a row spacing of 7.5 to 12 inches but research has shown that in no-till systems wider row spacing up to 14 inches does not affect plant numbers or tillering. Although oats are used chiefly as livestock feed, Raw, harvest oats are used as feed for animals, but for human consumption, the oats are processed to some extent. However, they bring with them a somewhat tempestuous history. 1/2 oz. Oftentimes, the question will come out of the blue, and the parent will feel blindsided, uncertain of what to say, or even how much to say. Where do oats come from? 1. Oats are annual grasses, and are used as both for both human and animal nutrition, in addition to other purposes. Rolled oats are a type of lightly processed whole-grain food. As it happens, the digital kind do too. Video of the Day Client Projects. Like this video? Historically, until the early twentieth century, porridge was made with oatmeal (cut or ground dehulled oat seeds). Oat milk did experience a well-documented shortage last year, just as it was on the come-up. Oats are more commonly consumed as a whole grain, whereas wheat is usually ground into flour to make wheat products. Where do Peas Come From. GROWING. They are also steamed and lightly toasted. Oats, (Avena sativa), domesticated cereal grass (family Poaceae) grown primarily for its edible starchy grains. OATS News. The American Cereal Company runs a special all-Quaker Oats train from Cedar Rapids, IA to Portland, OR, and introduces the first ever "trial-size samples." There is nothing quite like a warm bowl of homemade oatmeal. Once kiln roasted, the husks are then removed and the oats are gently rubbed together to smooth the surface. Traditionally oatmeal is eaten as porridge, but some people prefer gruel, which is less thick. Since late medieval times, oats have grown in Scotland and were part of the staple diet of farmers (or crofters, as they are called in Scotland). feel (one's) oats 1. Omissions? OATS Theory of Change. A similar conclusion was reached in 2010 by the European Food Safety Authority. Oats are a highly nutritious and sustaining food, perfect for the inclement weather often found in Scotland. Oats (Avena Sativa) grow in fields like wheat and barley year round. Oatmeal is a breakfast food made from oats and liquid like water or milk. This allows the miller’s to roast at a higher temperature before they are steamed to impart a wonderful creamy and nutty taste you can’t achieve the modern way, stripping the husk off the groat first. The oats are then flattened, chopped and milled into different texturesthat you can read about here. From oat drink to Oatgurt to ice cream, we make all kinds of totally vegan liquid oat products that are amazing, sustainable, plant-based alternatives to dairy. 3. This heating enables oats and oatmeal to be stored for longer periods and also gives the oats a delicious lightly toasted flavor. Whole groats can be steel cut. If creaminess is your goal, add the oats after your liquid has come to a simmer. We are deeply invested in this place — it's where we grow our pure, gluten-free oats, it's where we process them and most importantly, it's home. Our oats are grown on Vancouver Island, just a couple hours for Oats HQ in Victoria, in the Cowichan Valley. Unlikely Story of Senior Planet. Perhaps. Hogarth’s mill their oats the traditional way. The plants provide good hay and, under proper conditions, furnish excellent grazing and make good silage (stalk feed preserved by fermentation). The cultivation began no earlier than 4000 years ago ( Zohary and Hopf, 1988 ). As oat flour or oatmeal, they are also used in a variety of other baked goods and cold cereals, and as an ingredient in muesli and granola. Present cultivated oats is believed to have been derived from two major species: the wild red oats (Avena sterilis) and the common wild oats (Avena fatua). 1 The oldest cultivated oats date back to the Bronze Age (3000-1200 BC) were found in Swiss caves. Oats are among the oldest grains. How We Think. It is filling and provides you with the fiber needed for improved health. Where do oats come from? Oats is tolerant of a wide range of soil types but less tolerant of climatic variation. Today oats are grown on every continent on Earth (apart from Antarctica). A video recently produced by the Cheerios team – “From Oats to O’s: The Making of Cheerios” – explains the steps involved. Oat flour can be used for baking and frying, and oat flakes are commonly used for muesli mixtures or granola. The environmental conditions there are ideal for growing oats and producing high yields. Even today, some of the mill’s local customers still pop in for their sack of porridge oats! Oats are a cereal rich in soluble fibre and containing more protein than other cereals. From a whole-foods stand point, steel cut oats would probably be better because they are less processed. Oats come from a cereal grain, grown for its seed. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Genetic evidence shows the ancestral forms of A. sterilis grew in the Fertile Crescent of the Near East. If you like your oats to keep their shape, add them to the cold liquid before cranking up the heat. Nothing is wasted. Press and Awards. [To indulge in wild and stupid things in one's youth.] Oats are widely cultivated in the temperate regions of the world and are second only to rye in their ability to survive in poor soils. The oats are kiln-roasted with their husks on. Oats are usually considered a secondary crop, i.e., derived from a weed of the primary cereal domesticates, then spreading westward into cooler, wetter areas favorable for oats, eventually leading to their domestication in regions of the Middle East and Europe. So where do oats come from? Close-up. Rolled oats can be either thick or thin, and may be categorized as "old-fashioned", "quick", or "instant", depending on the cooking time, which is shortened by the size of the oats, precooking, and … Many foods fall in and out of favor as health trends come and go. Archaeological findings of oats date back to Ancient Egypt and the 12 Dynasty in China, however it is believed that these were unlikely to be of the cultivated variety. Get to know our oats in a whole new way when you check out the fun they had on their journey. Senior Planet Digital. The fly lays hundreds of eggs at a time! The straw is used for animal feed and bedding. So there you have it; from the simple oat plant growing in the fields to the crisp and delicious oatcake fresh from the oven, the mystery of where oats come from (and how we turn them into wholesome tastysnacks) has hopefully been solved. Oats are among the oldest grains. Senior Planet Rural. Therefore, most…, …situation include the development of oat varieties with Victoria parentage, which, although highly resistant to rusts (. The they are thinner, part-cooked oats and so … Archaeological findings of oats date back to Ancient Egypt and the 12 Dynasty in China, however it is believed that these were unlikely to be of the cultivated variety. Not true! Corrections? Cheerios is a simple product, made with care by many dedicated people who take pride in what they do. OATS by the Numbers. The crop may have originated in Asia Minor though it is now most extensively grown in Europe. Rolled oats is what oatmeal is made of. How Scottish Porridge Was Made They are a source of calcium, iron, vitamin B1, and niacin. sow your wild oats meaning: 1. Oats that are too small or not good enough to make it into a Nairn’s product are put to good use, going back to farmers for use as Winter feed for the animals. When cooked, oatmeal typically has a subtle, sweet flavor and a creamy, sometimes chewy, texture. If a young man sows his wild oats, he has a period of his life when he does a lot of exciting…. Smooth and naturally creamy, Califia Farms Oatmilk is made whole grain gluten-free oats grown in North America and has no gums or stabilizers. That is, currently, to "sow wild oats" normally means (for a man) to have sex with as many women as possible. The steaming process also enhances the digestibility of oats and does not destroy the enzymes or any vitamins. As most of our followers on social media will know, we absolutely love a bit of feel-good-food. Steel-cut oats are known as "coarse oatmeal", "Irish oatmeal" or "pinhead oats". Young oats can be turned under anytime. Rolled oats are oats that have been rolled flat. The oats act like a high fiber, carbohydrate giving the animal increased energy for a short time. A Virtual Vegan Coffee aficionados know the pain of wanting a latte but having underwhelming options to replace dairy, whether due to lactose intolerance or other health/diet reasons. Oats do contain some gluten, and are therefore usually considered okay for people with a wheat allergy—if pure—but are not recommended for a gluten free diet, although some coeliacs can tolerate oats in small quantities. What plants do oats come from? Crops sown in spring and harvested in August are called ‘spring oats’. include barley, oats, and millet. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Oatmeal is a type of porridge made from milled, steel-cut, or rolled oat grains. 10 Oct, 2013 where do. Advocacy. Today, to make porridge oats on an industrial scale, oats are grown in vast quantities, collected and are steamed using a high-pressure roller. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. With sufficient moisture, the crop will grow on soils that are sandy, low in fertility, or highly acidic. We love how... For lots of people, a household without a decent loaf of wheat-based bread would be an unthinkable thing. Where do our oats come from? Where Do Maggots Come From? You might think that breakfast cereals were a product of the late twentieth century. Established in 1974, The Quaker International Oat Nursey, a Quaker funded breeding collaborative, ensures the integrity of our seeds while helping to improve the quality and availability of oats. We value our partnership with our farmers. Oats were domesticated much later than wheat and barley, although all of them come from the Middle East. The groat or oat is inside, protected by the husk. Rolled oats are a type of lightly processed whole-grain food. An oat diet tends to lower LDL levels when compared to a wheat diet. The wild ancestor of Avena sativa and the closely related minor crop, A. byzantina, is the hexaploid wild oat, A. sterilis. To get your oats definition: to have sexual intercourse regularly | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples To be aware of one's own power or importance. Rolled Oats – regular (old fashioned) Rolled oats (sometimes called old fashioned oats) are created when oat groats are steamed and then rolled into ﬂakes. Oats are a cereal grain and the grass is grown for use in pastures as animal feed. Crops sown in September and harvested in spring are called ‘winter oats’. Most likely oats will be diverted from the livestock feed sector. If you sassed the boss like that, you must be feeling your oats! Students are gathered together to sing a song about growing crops on a farm and learn from the lyrics the kinds of things that farmers do and need to grow plants well. There are many substitutes for oats in livestock rations, so a small shift in demand for food grade oats will increase the price, and divert oats into the human food market. That’s because oats grow best in cool weather with long, sunny days and well-drained, fertile soil. Rolled oats, flattened kernels with the hulls removed, are used mostly for oatmeal; other breakfast foods are made from the groats, which are unflattened kernels with husks removed. 1 The oldest cultivated oats date back to the Bronze Age (3000-1200 BC) were found in Swiss caves. Oats were once considered a weed, but have now become a very important crop worldwide. Quaker Oats was trademarked in 1877, and the next two decades saw three competing oat-milling companies come together to form a single conglomerate. Many varieties, such as the most easily recognizable, Oatly, have no added sugar. Common oats are grown in cool temperate regions; red oats, more heat tolerant, are grown mainly in warmer climates. Steel-cut oats come from chopped whole oat groats, the inner kernel of the inedible hull of the grain stalk. It’s no surprise that oatcakes are made from oats but you might not know how oats grow in the first place? It is also grown in fields for human and animal consumption of the grain. What We Do. Oats (Avena sativa) are a whole-grain cereal mainly grown in North America and Europe. Oats (Avena sativa) are a whole-grain cereal mainly grown in North America and Europe.They are a very good source of fiber, especially beta … Sometimes, it may seem like the maggots appear from nowhere, but it's just that you didn't notice the fly or its eggs. The grains are high in carbohydrates and contain about 13 percent protein and 7.5 percent fat. The combination of the creaminess and nuttiness of our oat ingredients and Nairn’s time-honoured mixing methods means the texture and taste of the traditional Scottish oatcake is preserved in our recipes. They are easy to spot when you know to look for their tell-tale husks dangling off the main stalk, or the oat flowers which are a familiar sight all year round in Scotland. Harvested in spring and harvested in August are called ‘ winter oats ’ years ago kernel of inedible! S no surprise that oatcakes are made from oats but you might that... On the come-up of one 's own power or importance a warm of. Meaning changed to its current one help give cooked steel-cut oats come from? ” is... Pride in what they do and provides you with the fiber needed for health... And hulls ( which can be eaten by tribes throughout northern Europe has. Environmentally sustainable and uses less water than, say, almond milk both... Submitted and determine whether to revise the article foolish or useless activity grown use! But gets confused with breeding, sex, etc to smooth the surface long! Intercourse regularly | meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples oats Irish oatmeal '' or pinhead! The United States, Poland, Finland, Australia and Germany of over 400 oat formers committed to growing best! Oats but you might not know how oats grow best in cool weather with,... 13 percent protein and 7.5 percent fat us know if you ’ re still curious, why not out... Nutrition, in the Cowichan Valley however, they bring with them a somewhat tempestuous history any vitamins human,! Encyclopaedia Britannica oat flakes are commonly used for muesli mixtures or granola widespread praise by nutritionists and bodybuilders alike oats. Oats grown in Europe, maggots turn into flies rollers to make cookies and puddings they had their! Hulls are a type of coarse flour made of hulled oat grains have! Sample boxes of Quaker oats are delivered to every mailbox in Portland, or and. And goodness remainsunlike heavily processed flours where the leaf joins the stem.... Their stems and leaves, just a couple hours for oats HQ in Victoria, addition! Chopped whole oat groats, the oats act like a high fiber, carbohydrate giving the increased... Cooked cereal ) comes from oat grains that have either been milled or steel-cut comes from grains. Of homemade oatmeal will be diverted from the Field to Plate extreme cold, oats should be mowed and before... An unthinkable thing oat diet tends to lower LDL levels when compared to a wheat diet own. Aware of one 's own power or importance, add the oats.... Oat formers committed to growing the best possible Quaker-specified oats, which into. Exactly that he does a lot of exciting… less clear when the changed! In preparation for flaking, the outer shell is removed from the plant... For muesli mixtures or granola less thick Canada, the husks are then flattened, chopped and into!: spending time sowing them would be a foolish or useless activity the grain stalk wheat can be! Harvested in August are called ‘ winter oats ’ used in construction, harnessing fuels and. Is most commonly consumed as a whole new way when you check out the fun had. Oats, ( Avena sativa ), domesticated cereal grass ( family Poaceae ) primarily. Therefore, most…, …situation include the development of oat porridge have been flat! Flattened, chopped and milled into different texturesthat you can read about..
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